欢迎来到原中小学教育资源网!

翻译考试笔译中级试题及答案

试题 时间:2018-06-05 我要投稿
【www.148ka.com - 试题】

  【试题】

  国际经验与中国特色

  中国作为后发现代化国家,极其需要借鉴国际经验。同时,在和平崛起进程中,中国又要以自己为主,来关注和解决自己的问题。这就是说,中国的现代化一定要有中国特色。

  比如,在农业问题上,中国将努力走出一条新的节约型道路,即有中国特色的节约方式。现在美国人均年消费石油25桶,而中国人均消费不到1桶半。如果中国人不顾自己的条件,异想天开想做起“美国梦”,那我们对能源急切需求就会给自己,同事也会给人类带来沉重的负担和无尽的麻烦。

  又比如,在农村富余劳动力的转移上,我们将逐步走出一条中国特色的城市化道路。目前,中国农村劳动力有5亿多人,今后20年大约有两亿多人要转移出来,在这个问题上,中国人不能做“欧洲梦”。欧洲在近代历史上,总共有6000多万人走到世界各地,到处建立殖民地,改变了世界版图。21世纪上半叶的中国人,只能在自己的国土上,通过城市和农村的精心协调发展,通过引导农村富余劳动力在不丧失土地的条件下,在城乡之间有序流动,来解决这个世界级的大难题。

  【试题参考答案】

  International Experience and Chinese Characteristics

  As a new comer striving for modernization, China is badly in need of drawing experience from international practice. At the same time, China must rely on itself to address and resolve problems arising in the process of her peaceful rise. In other words, China’s modernization must beat its own unique characteristics.

  For instance, with regard to energy issues, China is working hard to blaze a trail in energy conservation so as to shape up a China-style energy-saving approach. Currently, the American per capita annual consumption of oil is 25 barrels, while that for China is no more than a barrel and a half. Should the Chinese ignore their national conditions and indulge themselves in the wildest“American Dream”, the nation’s desperate energy demands will undoubtedly bring heavy burden and endless trouble both to the Chinese people and the humankind as a whole.

  Similarly, over the matter of migration of superfluous rural labor force to the city, China is sure to gradually find out the way towards urbanization stamped with Chinese characteristics. At present, China has a labor force of more than 500 million in the countryside, about 200 million of whom are expected to be migrated to the urban areas in the dream the“European dream”. In modern history, Europe has seen altogether over 60 million people depart for every corner of the world to establish colonies overseas, thereby changing the map of the world. For the Chinese people in the first half of the 21st century, however, they can only tackle this formidable universal problem within its own land, first by carefully coordinating urban and rural development and secondly, by providing guided and orderly flow of redundant rural labor force between the countryside and the city without loss of their lands.

热门文章